Advocacy - Policy Change - Legislation

Effective advocacy is a marathon, not a sprint.

We achieve changes in policies, rules and laws through ongoing advocacy, persistent action and coalition-building. Our volunteers pound the pavement, attend meetings, rallies and public hearings. We serve on committees, advisory boards and task forces, make phone calls, write letters, distribute fact sheets and fliers to champion our fight for the safety of children. We engage community leaders, elected officials and legislators, issue public service announcements and work closely with service providers, law enforcement officials and law makers to create sustained change in behavior, policy and practice.

Modeled after the work of FREE THE SLAVES,  Extract Effect understands the importance of evidence-based methods in the fight to end trafficking so we are researching the scope, impact and root causes of child trafficking, abduction, kidnapping, thrown-away and runaway children in the communities where we work. Utilizing their proven model of ‘systematic monitoring and evaluation’ of our key programs to document our impact and improve our techniques, we are able indicate how effectively our programs are liberating children, educating the vulnerable, and bringing perpetrators to justice.’


The plan below details an outline of the objectives and steps we are taking in our three-year study

Increase the number of victim-centered investigations, prosecutions, and convictions of child trafficking cases.

In order to achieve this objective, Extract Effect will participate in the following areas and activities:

1.1 Develop and/or strengthen existing national inter- and intra-agency protocols for coordination between criminal justice system officials and victim advocates and service providers, and implement these protocols to ensure effective victim-centered handling of child trafficking cases from detection through prosecution;

1.2 Improve methods for ensuring victim-centered approaches (i.e., providing child-friendly trauma-informed services and prioritizing the protection, security, and wellbeing of the victim) in law enforcement operations, investigations, and criminal justice proceedings, including by enhancing the capacity of social workers at Child Protection and Family Services Agencies and personnel as well as coordination with civil society;

1.3 Improve the technical capacity of investigators, prosecutors, and judges and develop methods to enable effective and timely judicial processes and sentencing in trafficking cases;

1.4 Using existing infrastructure, establish multidisciplinary, child-friendly spaces in locations across the world, for interviewing child trafficking victims and providing medical and psycho-social care immediately following their removal from trafficking situations;

1.5 Increase resources to enhance capacity to collect data, monitor, and report on anti-trafficking efforts, particularly the implementation of victim-centered methods during investigations and prosecutions;

1.6 Increase efforts to detect, investigate, criminally prosecute, and punish officials who permit or facilitate trafficking crimes; and

1.7 Strengthen and maintain systems to collect and report relevant investigation, prosecution, conviction, and sentencing data, including disaggregation by number of defendants, the criminal offense charged, type of exploitation, and age, gender, and place of origin of victims.

Strengthen government and civil society capacity to identify and provide comprehensive services to more child trafficking victims, from identification through protective care, community reintegration, and long-term follow-up services.

In order to achieve this objective, Extract Effect will participate in the following areas and activities:

2.1 Develop standardized procedures for identification of victims, including screening vulnerable children to determine whether they may be victims of sex or labor trafficking, and a national referral mechanism for referring suspected victims to appropriate authorities and/or select NGOs as deemed appropriate by the governing authorities for further investigation and comprehensive care;

2.2 Provide training to relevant authorities (including frontline police officers; social workers; staff of any children’s registry; healthcare workers; justices of the peace; Department of Labor and Social Security’s Occupational Safety and Health inspectors, investigators, labor officers, and social workers; immigration officers; and consular officers) on all forms of child sex and labor trafficking and procedures for implementing victim identification and referral guidelines worldwide;

2.3 Coordinate to designate a lead agency, such as a Child Protection and Family Services Agency (CPFSA), to provide individual case management and coordinate the provision of comprehensive services to child trafficking victims (from identification through reintegration and follow-up, and relevant criminal proceedings) and develop this agency’s capacity to serve in this role;

2.4 Strengthen the capacity of relevant authorities to provide individualized comprehensive, trauma-informed care to child trafficking victims (including shelter, medical care, case management, psycho-social counseling, repatriation, temporary or long-term residency, education and/or job training, legal assistance, reintegration, and follow-up) and develop and/or strengthen existing policies to clearly articulate their respective roles, responsibilities, and authorities;

2.5 Using existing infrastructure, expand the availability of shelter spaces that are appropriately staffed and equipped to provide quality care to all child trafficking victims;

2.6 Expand the availability of psychologists, psychiatrists, community mental health nurses, social workers and victim services staff across the world that are equipped to provide specialized psycho-social care to child trafficking victims;

2.7 Build the capacity of civil society organizations to proactively identify and respond to child trafficking crimes and to collaborate with government authorities to provide trauma-informed care to child trafficking victims from identification through reintegration and follow up;

2.8 Increase resources to enhance capacity to collect data, monitor, and report on the provision of comprehensive protective services to child trafficking victims;

2.9 Increase reintegration and follow-up services for child trafficking victims, including risk assessment, preparation for reintegration, and connecting victims and /or their families to livelihood opportunities; and

2.10 Strengthen and maintain systems to collect and report data on victims of child trafficking and services provided, including disaggregation by age, gender, place of origin, and type of exploitation.

Increase efforts to prevent child trafficking, including through developing and strengthening community-based mechanisms.

In order to achieve this objective, Extract Effect will participate in the following areas and activities:

3.1 Conduct nationwide/worldwide research on the prevalence of child sex trafficking and the nature of these crimes, including links to other criminal activity such as gang violence and child sexual abuse and the sociocultural factors that make children vulnerable to these crimes;

3.2  Build the capacity of community health aides, school staff, religious leaders, civil society members, and the public to proactively identify child trafficking victims, including cases of domestic servitude, sex trafficking occurring within the community, and less recognized forms of child trafficking; take appropriate action once cases are identified; and facilitate the reintegration of child trafficking victims into their communities;

3.3 Develop and implement comprehensive community-based outreach and education activities that are targeted, locally appropriate, and have a particular focus on identifying, responding to, and preventing child trafficking crimes that occur within the community;

3.4 Take steps in developing areas to prevent foreign nationals from exploiting local children in sex trafficking, including through cooperating with foreign authorities to prevent suspected child sex tourists from entering the country; and

3.5 Strengthen systems to collect and report religious institution/parish data on prevention activities and community-based victim identification efforts, including disaggregation by age, gender, type of exploitation.